Remember Cliffside - The library of lore for Cliffside, North Carolina - A project of the Cliffside Historical Society
Photo Galleries
in the news
Housel Lists
Odds & Ends
Reading List
guest book
Contact Us



The Cliffside Railroad

News Stories & articles

The Beginnings, The Sun, 1904
There's not another 'un like it, Trains Magazine, November 1955
Cliffside Still Hears Chug of Old-Time Locomotives, Observer, Spring 1962
Converting From Steam To Diesel, The Forest City Courier, July 23, 1962
The Cliffside: A Special Brand of Southern Charm, Shop Talk, Winter 1998
Voiding the Warranty, by Carey Poole, 1995




Cliffside Railroad Galleries

Listen to Old 40's whistle blow again

Engine #40
#1 & #5
5 photos
#18 & #26
6 photos
26 photos
#108 & #110
38 photos

13 photos
13 Photos
More #110
20 photos
"Train Shooters"
#40 in Penn. 8 photos

Click a photo or description to enter a gallery.


Train Shooters Gallery





Who are we?  Just a group of friends, 50 or so in number, who have been traveling together in various combinations for anywhere from 20 to 40 years. We are spread out from Bar Harbor to San Diego, from Seattle to Orlando, and also Europe, Africa, and Japan. We share an interesting in photographing steam locomotives, and five or six of us also enjoy putting together special events for that purpose. For most of us photography and railroading are our hobbies, not our livelihoods. (We are probably called many things behind our backs, but we have no official name.)

So from time to time, one of us will approach a railroad with the rather outrageous suggestion that we repaint one of their steam locomotives, put together a freight train, and spend the day executing “photo runbys.” The target railroads are usually very accommodating. The 30 or 40 of us that can make it to any particular event have fun, take photos, swap lies, enjoy a good meal afterwards, then go our separate ways to do it again a few months later, somewhere else.

This year I put together two back-to-back events, a day on the Strasburg Rail Road in Strasburg, PA, preceded by a day on the New Hope & Ivyland in New Hope, PA.

At the Strasburg we did a pretty thorough makeover of the locomotive. Prep work included a trip to Abingdon, VA, to measure the bracket that holds up the headlight so that we could replicate it, and creating the correct lettering from photos in books.

For no. 40, I relied almost completely on the photos in the Remember Cliffside photo galleries. (Here's an email to a friend that summarizes just how much detail you can pull out of those photos.)  Other than paint, nothing needed to be changed - no. 40 looks almost exactly as it did when it was built in 1926, which is extremely unusual for a steam locomotive. I measured the tender in July, and created the lettering to be cut from vinyl by a local sign company. The repaint instructions are attached ( PDF). Paul Harland, General Manager of the New Hope & Ivyland, prepared no. 40 and painted the tender and cab black, then applied the vinyl lettering. "Cliffside 40" reappeared for the first time on October 1.

The project got off the ground in the spring, when I had a couple of telephone conversations with Paul Harland about the possibility. We agreed a price, and I sent out the attached flyer (PDF) to about 100 or so people.  In July my co-sponsor, Jim Gunning, met me in Pennsylvania - we spent a day choosing photo locations and talking with Paul.  The remaining time before the event was spent putting together a detailed schedule, getting the lettering made and shipped, etc.

Which brings us to October, 2004. Two local photographers volunteered to cut weeds along the 12 miles or so of the line we planned to photograph, and also to remove about 30 saplings and trees on railroad property so that we could get photos on a stone bridge.  I arrived in New Hope a couple of days in advance, did some final weeding and cosmetic work on no. 40, and we put a train together. After no. 40 finished her day's run on the 20th, we sprayed the locomotive with water and threw a mixture of sand and crushed charcoal at the locomotive to make it look a little dirtier, then adjourned to dinner.

At 7:30am on Thursday, no. 40 departed the station with approximately 30 photographers. The weather wasn't particularly cooperative, but the fall colors were at peak, and we had a great time. The local volunteer fire department helped us out by bringing water when we needed it. Paul Harland had arranged for a local car enthusiast to bring his award-winning 1930 Cord restoration to the railroad for some of the photos. Those photos were the highlight of the day.

I guess the only thing missing was the chickens nesting in the tender.

Why choose no. 40? I never saw the Cliffside Railroad operating, and the only time I've ever been in Cliffside was on New Year's Day, 1983, when a friend detoured us through there on a whim to see the railroad. (One of the October participants was a teenager in New Jersey when no. 40 was on the Cliffside, and actually started on a trip to Cliffside, but in the end went somewhere else.) We choose our targets where the scenery, the cars available for the train, the locomotive, and the management can all combine to make for a memorable day. I had seen no. 40 operating in 1994, and always thought it would be a good candidate.

No. 40 is now lettered for her owners again, and our little group has moved on. There was an event in Wisconsin a couple of weeks ago, and we will gather in northern California in January, and in Nevada in February. Spring will probably find us in Ohio. Maybe one day Paul will let us return to New Hope and re-create "Lancaster & Chester no. 40" for a day.

Thanks again for, and I hope your readers enjoy looking at the photos half as much as we enjoyed taking them.

—John A. Craft, Atlanta, Ga.   

The email to a friend, detailing the paint job:

Actually, I have studied every photo I could find when making the lettering. While you can't tell a particular color in a b&w photo, you can tell that the cab was black in many of the pictures. The tone difference is pretty obvious for that green.

If you can trust the dates on the photos at the "Remember Cliffside" web site, then 110 got a green cab in 1955. There are shots that pretty clearly show both the same tones, and different ones, dated for that year. Again, if you can trust the dates - and I see no reason not to.

It would appear that 40 was still all-black as late as July 1958. Oddly, though, the photo that's captioned "shortly after arrival from the L&C in 1947" seems to show a green cab. I have trouble believing the caption, because the locomotive is filthy, especially on the tender, and there are other "tells." Tom Lawson's 1960 photo shows a very clean no. 40, so it was probably painted that year.

Scroll through the photos of 40 and you see two distinctly different paint jobs. The 1947 repaint (which I chose) is crude compared to the later efforts on the three engines. The lettering is a different "font" (stroke width, serif characteristics, etc.), the "S" in the early scheme is very different, and the lettering is off-center in the striping box. On the fireman's side the lettering starts 15" behind the front vertical stripe, and ends 29" from the rear stripe. The upper stripe is also a giveaway—in the later scheme the upper stripe is actually ON a rivet line, but before it was slightly above the rivets. And in the early scheme the stripe doesn't follow the tender lip perfectly in one place—a screw-up that we replicated, by the way.

Some time after that, I'm guessing someone came up with a new stencil, and as locos got shopped and repainted, they got the green cab and the new lettering. This time they managed to center the lettering in the striping box, too. Given what was going on in Durango in the 50s, I guess we can consider ourselves lucky that they didn't put fake stacks on the engines.

Railroad Men

Names of those who ran the CRR

Biggerstaff, Odell Harris, James McLean, Tom
Biggerstaff, Shaw Haynes, Charles H. McNabb, Bill
Bridges, George Haynes, Walter Moore, G.K.
Bristol, Albert Hendrick, Maurice Ruppe, Hubert
Brooks, Plato Henson, Mack Shuford, George C.
Burgin, Bisco Heywood, Charlie Stevenson, A. J.
Caldwell, Virginia H. Hughes, C.D. Surratt, Arlington
Cargill, Ed Humphreys, Twit Terrell, W.H.
Cone, Benjamin Owens, Hollis M. Tutt, Willie
Cooper, Fate Padgett, Branch Ward, Bud
Cooper, J.L. Padgett, Bud Waters, George R.
Crawley, Harvey E. Padgett, John Waters, John
Cunningham, Carl R. Jenkins, Z.O. Waters, Robert
Dover, Crawley Jolley, Logan Webster, Gaynes
Duncan, J.S. Jolley, Tobe White, Shirley
Foster, Richard L. Laney, Robert Wiley, Henry
Foster, Howard Lipscomb, Sam Wilkie, Eli
Freeman, Cordie Littlejohn, Con Wilkins, John M.
Harper, Grady Macopson, Van Wilson, Alexander
Harrill, Thomas Mason, L.P. Wilson, Will


CRR Engine Roster

Engines owned by CRR
No. 1, 0-4-4T type built by Grant in 1879. Acquired by Cliffside Railroad in Jul. 1905. Scrapped in 1921 Originally owned by Metropolitan Elevated Railway, New York City.
No. 5, 0-4-4T type built by Baldwin in 1881. CRR acquired this engine in Jan. 1908. Originally owned by Manhatten Elevated Railway, New York City. It was scrapped in 1922.
No. 6, 0-4-4T type built by the Danforth Co. in 1879. CRR acquired this engine in Apr. 1914. Owned by 10 different railroads prior to CRR ownership. CRR sold to SI&E in January, 1922.
No. 10, 35-ton, 235 hp. diesel built by GE in 1955. Acquired by CRR in Jul., 1962. Originally owned by Old Ben Coal Co., West Frankfort, IL. CRR sold this engine in May, 1989, to Cyprus Miami Mining in Claypool, AZ.
No. 13, 70-ton, 600 hp. diesel built by GE in 1954. CRR acquired engine in Sep. 1970. Original owner Kansas City Connecting RR. Disposition unknown.
No. 18, 2-6-2T type built by Glover in 1923. Acquired by CRR in Aug. 1923. Purchased new for $10,000. Scrapped in 1943.
No. 20, 44-ton, 380 hp. diesel built by GE in 1949. Acquired by CRR in 1963. Original owner PRR. CRR sold it in 1970 to BR&L. A subsequent owner was Lake Charles Harbor and Terminal RR, Lake Charles, LA. Scrapped in 1987.
No. 26, 2-6-0 type built by Glover in 1914. CRR acquired it in Dec. 1921. West Bay Naval Stores & Lumber Co. was original owner. Then SI&E Railroad acquired it, then sold it to CRR. Scrapped in 1938.
No. 40, 2-8-0 type built by Baldwin in 1925. Purchased by CRR in 1947. Originally owned by Lancaster & Chester Ry., Lancaster, SC. It was sold in 1962 to New Hope and Ivyland RR, a tourist operation, in New Hope, PA, which retained its Cliffside number, 40.
No. 108, a 2-6-2 Baldwin built in 1923. Acquired by CRR in Mar. 1933. Original owner was Ingham-Burnett Lumber Co., Allison, AL. After a couple of other owners, finally acquired by CRR, which scrapped it around 1950.
No. 110, 2-6-2 type built by Vulcan in 1927. CRR acquired engine in Apr. 1933. Original owner was McRae Lumber & Mfg. Co., Quincy, FL. Later owned by Beechwood Band Mill, Cordele, GA, and BR&L RR. CRR sold it in 1963 to Swamp Rabbit RR (a tourist operation) in Cleveland, SC, which eventually sold it to Stone Mountain Scenic RR, Stone Mountain, GA. SMSRR retained its old Cliffside number, 110.